Iranian police have announced this Saturday that they are installing cameras in public places to identify women who do not wear the veil, which is mandatory in the country. The move is aimed at enforcing the wearing of the garment, which has been compulsory in Iran since 1983, and preventing acts that “sully” the country’s spirituality.

Enforcement of veil law and consequences

The police will use smart tools and cameras in public places and roads to identify individuals who do not wear the hijab. Messages will be sent to women who do not comply with the veil and chastity law, informing them of the consequences. The police will not tolerate any individual or collective behaviour that is contrary to the law.

Protests and state repression

Many Iranian women have stopped wearing the mandatory Islamic headscarf as a form of protest and civil disobedience since the death of Mahsa Amini in September 2020. Amini’s death sparked protests across the country calling for the end of the Islamic Republic. State repression led to the deaths of around 500 people in protests over Amini’s death, the arrest of thousands, and the hanging of four protesters, one of them in public.

Escalating tensions and government actions

In recent weeks, tensions have escalated over the lack of wearing the garment, with calls from clerics and conservatives to impose the hijab. The education and health ministries announced that they will not allow unveiled students to attend universities and colleges. Authorities are closing shops and restaurants that cater to unveiled women across the country. Vigilantes are also taking the law into their own hands and assaulting unveiled women.


The use of surveillance technology to enforce the mandatory veil law in Iran and the violent actions taken against women who do not wear the veil are concerning. It is important to recognize and address issues of gender inequality and violence against women.

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